In Southern Ural there lives a bee that resists temperatures much lower than its European cousins can tolerate. Could this be why the Bashir beekeepers make her a home in the treetops? The hives are carved out, in the trunks of giant conifers, several meters above the ground, turning them into enormous living hives. Honey gathering takes place at summer’s end, performed by beekeepers fitted out like tree pruners. This most unusual beekeeping is practiced in the heart of the Republic of Bashkortostan, which has just implemented a conservation program for the local bee.